Software engineers are engineers who creatively design, develop, test, and evaluate different computer and electronic software systems.
Most work as employees or contractors within the following industries:
The Bureau of Labor Statistics states that about 32 percent of software developers work for computer systems design and related services firms. Around 10 percent work in computer and electronic product manufacturing industries. Within the finance and insurance industry there are about eight percent of all software publishers, and seven percent work for specific software publishers.
Organizations typically hire software engineers for the entire development process for a software program. Within small projects, engineers may fill many engineering roles. Other times organizations will hire many software engineers for a large project, where each engineer will play an important and specific role.
Some specializations include:
The Bureau of Labor Statistics Occupational Handbook states that the following duties are typical of software engineers:
Growth will increase much faster than average compared to all other U.S. occupations.
According to The Bureau of Labor Statistics, the overall employment of software engineers is to grow by 30 percent from 2010 to 2020.
The following are the employment projections for different software developers:
General Software Developers: 2010 employment – 913,000; projected 2020 employment – 1,184,000; 30% change from 2010-20
Applications Software Developers: 2010 employment – 520,800; projected 2020 employment – 664,500; 28% change from 2010-20
Systems Software Developers: 2010 employment – 392, 300; projected 2020 employment – 519, 400; 32% change from 2010-20
Advancement for Software Engineers
If you’re looking for advancement within software engineering, the best job prospects exist for those with knowledge of the most up-to-date programming tools and languages. Many software engineers also seek out consulting opportunities from businesses that need help in managing, upgrading, and customizing their computer systems. Since technology and computers are constantly changing, all businesses and organizations need software engineers to help assist in those changes.
There are also a lot of job opportunities in mobile technology. The need for new applications for multiple phone operating systems is increasing due to advancement in the technology. The healthcare industry is also a very viable place for advancement. Most healthcare centers are transferring all filing and medical systems onto computers. Additionally, due to a rise in concerns on cybersecurity more jobs are appearing in security software to protect different computer networks and electronic infrastructure.
The Internet has opened up the world to different computer software, which cuts the cost and allows more customization for businesses. This also has offered new opportunities for software engineers. Job prospects have also risen due to the increasing number of products that use computer software. Consumer electronics, such as cell phones and book readers, are computerized and built into other products, such as appliances, all of which need software engineers to build them.